Publications & CV


*Sun, V.Z. and R.E. Milliken (2014), The geology and mineralogy of Ritchey Crater, Mars: Evidence for post-Noachian clay formation, Journal of Geophysical Research, in review.

Mangold, N., O. Forni, G. Dromart, O. Gasnault, M. Nachon, P.-Y. Meslin, R.C. Wiens, R. B. Anderson, B. Barraclough, J.F. Bell III, G. Berger, D. L. Blaney, J. C. Bridges, F. Calef, B. Clark, S. M. Clegg, A. Cousin, L. Edgar, K. Edgett, B. Ehlmann, C. Fabre, M. Fisk, J. Grotzinger, S. Gupta, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. Hurowitz, J. R. Johnson, L. C. Kah, N. Lanza, J. Lasue, S. Le Mouélic, R. Léveillé, E. Lewin, M. Malin, S. McLennan, S. Maurice, N. Melikechi, A. Mezzacappa, R. Milliken, H. Newsom, A. Ollila, S. K. Rowland, V. Sautter, M. Schmidt, S. Schröder, K. Stack, D. Y. Sumner, C. d’Uston, D. Vaniman, and R. Williams (2014), Chemical variations of the Yellowknife Bay formation sediments analyzed by the Curiosity rover on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, in review.

Milliken, R. E., R. Ewing, W. Fischer, and J. Hurowitz (2014), Wind-blown sandstones cemented by sulfate and clay minerals in Gale Crater, Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, in press.

Gainey, S.R., E.M. Hausrath, J.A. Hurowitz, and R.E. Milliken (2014), Nontronite dissolution rates and implications for Mars, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 126, 192-211.


Farley, K.A., C. Malespin, P. Mahaffy, J. Grotzinger, P. Vasconcelos, R. Milliken, M. Malin, K. Edgett, A. Pavlov, J. Hurowitz, J. Grant, H. Miller, R. Arvidson, L. Beegle, F. Calef, P. Conrad, W. Dietrich, J. Eignebrode, R. Gellert, S. Gupta, V. Hamilton, D. Hassler, K. Lewis, S. McLennan, D. Ming, R. Navarro, S. Schwenzer, A. Steele, E. Stolper, D. Sumner, D. Vaniman, A. Vasavada, K. Williford, R. Wimmer, and the MSL Science Team (2013) In-situ radiometric and exposure age dating of the Martian surface, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1247166.

Vaniman, D.T., D.L. Bish, D.W. Ming, T.F.  Bristow, R.V. Morris, D. F. Blake, S. J. Chipera, S.M. Morrison, A.H. Treiman, E.B. Rampe, M. Rice, C.N. Achilles, J. Grotzinger, S.M. McLennan, J. Williams, J. Bell III, H. Newsom, R.T. Downs, S. Maurice, P. Sarrazin, A.S. Yen, J.M. Morookian, J.D. Farmer, K. Stack, R.E. Milliken, D.Y. Sumner, G. Berger, J.A. Crisp, J.A. Hurowitz, E.M. Stolper, K. Edgett, S. Gupta, and N. Spanovich (2013), Mineralogy of a mudstone on Mars, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1243480.

Grotzinger, J.P., D. Y. Sumner, L.C. Kah, K. Stack, S. Gupta, L. Edgar, D. Rubin, K. Lewis, J. Schieber, N. Mangold, R. Milliken, P. Conrad, D. DesMarais, J. Farmer, K. Siebach, F. Calef III, J. Hurowitz, S. M. McLennan, D. Ming, D. Vaniman, J. Crisp, A. Vasavada, Kenneth S. Edgett, M. Malin, D. Blake, R. Gellert, P. Mahaffy, R. Wiens, S. Maurice, J. A. Grant, S. Wilson, R. Anderson13, L. Beegle, R. Arvidson, B. Hallet, R. Sletten, M. Rice, J. Bell, J. Griffes, B. Ehlmann, T. Bristow, M. Palucis, William. E. Dietrich, G. Dromart, J. Eigenbrode, A. Fraeman, C. Hardgrove, K. Herkenhoff, L. Jandura, G. Kocurek, S. Lee, L. A. Leshin, R. Leveille, D. Limonadi, J. Maki, S. McCloskey, M. Meyer, M. Minitti, D. Oehler, A. Okon, H. Newsom, T. Parker, S. Rowland, S. Squyres, A. Steele, E. Stolper, R. Summons, A. Treiman, R. Williams, A. Yingst (2013), A habitable fluvio-lacustrine environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1242777.

Kraus, R.G., S.T. Stewart, M.G. Newman, R.E. Milliken, and N.J. Tosca (2013), Uncertainties in the shock devolatilization of hydrated minerals: A nontronite case study, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 2137-2145.

Hazen, R, D. Azzolini, D. Sverjensky, S. Elmore, L. Hinnov, R.E. Milliken, and D.L. Bish (2013), Clay mineral evolution, American Mineralogist, 98, 2007-2029.

*Stack, K., J.P. Grotzinger, and R.E. Milliken (2013), Bed thickness distributions on Mars: An orbital perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1323-1349.

Mischna, M.A., V. Baker, R.E. Milliken, M. Richardson, and C. Lee (2013), Obliquity-controlled water vapor/trace gas feedback in the Martian greenhouse cycle, JGR, 118, 560-576.


*Li, S., L. Li, R.E. Milliken, and K. Song (2012), Hybridization of Partial Least Squares and Neural Network Models for Quantifying Lunar Surface Minerals, Icarus, 221, 208-225.

Grotzinger, J. P. and R. E. Milliken (2012), The sedimentary rock record of Mars: Distribution, origins, and global stratigraphy, in Sedimentary Geology of Mars, eds. J. P. Grotzinger and R. E. Milliken, SEPM Special Paper, SP102, 1-48.

Beyer, R., *K. Stack, J. Griffes, R. E. Milliken, K. Herkenhoff, S. Byrne, J. Holt, and J. P. Grotzinger (2012), An atlas of Mars sedimentary rocks as seen by HiRISE, in Sedimentary Geology of Mars, eds. J. Grotzinger and R. E. Milliken, SEPM Special Paper, SP102, 49-96.

Thollot, P., N. Mangold, V. Ansan, S. LeMouélic, R.E. Milliken, J.L. Bishop, C. Weitz, L. Roach, J.F. Mustard, and S.L. Murchie (2012), Most Mars minerals in a nutshell: Various alteration phases formed in a single environment in Noctis Labyrinthus, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, E00J06.

*Souness, C., B. Hubbard, D. Quincy, and R. E. Milliken (2012), An inventory and population-scale analysis of Martian glacier-like forms, Icarus, 217, 243-255.


*Bristow, T. and R. E. Milliken (2011), A terrestrial perspective on authigenic clay production in ancient Martian lakes, Clays and Clay Minerals, 59(4), 339-358.

Rivkin, A. S., J.-Y. Ling, R. E. Milliken, L. F. Lim, A. J. Lovell, B. E. Schmidt, L. A. McFadden, and B. A. Cohen (2011), The surface composition of Ceres, Space Science Reviews, 163, 95-116.

Feldman, W., A. Pathare, S. Maurice, T. Prettyman, D. Lawrence, R. E. Milliken, and B. Travis (2011), Mars Odyssey neutron data: 2. Search for buried excess water ice deposits at nonpolar latitudes on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, E11009, doi:10.1029/2011JE003806.

Thomson, B. J., N. T. Bridges, R. E. Milliken, A. Baldridge, S. J. Hook, J. K. Crowley, G. M. Marion, C. R. de Souza Filho, J. S. Kargel, A. J. Brown, and C. M. Weitz (2011), Constraints on the origin and evolution of the layered mound in Gale Crater, Mars using Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter data, Icarus, 214(2), 413-432.

Grotzinger, J., D. Beaty, G. Dromart, S. Gupta, M. Harris, J. Hurowitz, G. Kocurek, S. McLennan, R.E. Milliken, G. Ori, and D. Sumner (2011), Mars sedimentary geology: Key concepts and outstanding questions, Astrobiology, 11(1), 77-87.


Milliken, R. E. and D. Bish (2010), Sources and sinks of clay minerals on Mars, Philosophical Magazine, 90(17), 2293-2308 (invited).

Hubbard, B., R. E. Milliken, J. S. Kargel, A. Limaye, and C. Souness (2010), Geomorphological characterization and interpretation of a mid-latitude glacier-like form: Hellas Planitia, Mars, Icarus, 211(1), 330-346.

Wray, J., R. E. Milliken, C. Dundas, G. Swayze, J. Andrews-Hanna, A. Baldridge, M. chojnacki, J. Bishop, B. Ehlmann, S. Murchie, R. Clark, F. Seelos, L. Tornabene, and S. Squyres (2010), Columbus crater and other possible groundwater-fed paleolakes of Terra Sirenum, Mars, J. Geophysical Research, 116, E01001.

Skok, J. R., J. F. Mustard, B. L. Ehlmann, R. E. Milliken, and S. L. Murchie (2010), Silica deposits in the Nili Patera caldera on the Sytris Major volcanic complex, Mars, Nature Geoscience, 3, 838-841.

Metz, J., J. Grotzinger, C. Okubo, and R. E. Milliken (2010), Thin-skinned deformation of sedimentary rocks in Valles Marineris, Mars, J. Geophysical Research, 115, E11004.

Hurowitz, J. A., W. W. Fischer, N. Tosca, and R. E. Milliken (2010), Origin of acidic surface waters and the evolution of atmospheric chemistry on early Mars, Nature Geoscience, 3(5), 323-326.

Pratt, L. M. et al. (2010), The Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher (MAX-C): A potential rover mission for 2018, Astrobiology, 10(2), 127-163.

Mangold, N., L. Roach, R. E. Milliken, et al. (2010), A late Amazonian alteration layer related to local volcanism on Mars, Icarus, 207(1), 265-276.

Milliken, R. E., K. Edgett, J. Grotzinger, and B. J. Thomson (2010), Paleoclimate of Mars as captured by the stratigraphic record in Gale Crater, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L04201.

Roach, L., J. Mustard, G. Swayze, R. E. Milliken, J. Bishop, S. Murchie, and K. Lichtenberg (2010), Hydrated mineral stratigraphy of Ius Chasma, Valles Marineris, Icarus, 206(1), 253-268.

Weitz, C. M., R. E. Milliken, J. Grant, A. McEwen, R. Williams, J. Bishop, and B. Thomson (2010), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter observations of light-toned layered deposits and associated fluvial landforms on the plains adjacent to Valles Marineris, Icarus, 205, 73-102.

McEwen, A. et al. (2010), The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) during MRO’s Primary Science Phase (PSP), Icarus, 205, 2-37.


Bishop, J. et al. (2009), Mineralogy of Juventae Chasma: Sulfates in light-toned mounds, mafic minerals in bedrock, and hydrated silica and hydroxylated ferric sulfate on the plateau, J. Geophysical Research, 114, E00D09.

Sunshine, J., T. Farnham, L. Feaga, O. Groussin, F. Merlin, R. E. Milliken, and M. A’Hearn, (2009), Temporal and spatial variability of lunar hydration as observed by the Deep Impact spacecraft, Science, 326, 565-568.

Metz, J., J. Grotzinger, D. Mohrig, R. E. Milliken et al. (2009), Sublacustrine depositional fans in southwest Melas Chasma, J. Geophysical Research, 114, E10002.

Milliken, R. E., W. Fisher, and J. Hurowitz (2009), Missing salts on early Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L11202.

Schon, S., J. Head III, R. E. Milliken (2009), A recent ice age on Mars: Evidence for climate oscillations from regional layering in mid-latitude mantling deposits, GRL, 36, L15202.

Murchie, S., J. Mustard, B. Ehlmann, R. E. Milliken, et al. (2009), A synthesis of Martian aqueous mineralogy after one Mars year of observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, J. Geophysical Research, 114, E00D06.

Ehlmann, B. et al. (2009), Identification of hydrated silicate minerals on Mars using MRO-CRISM: Geologic context near Nili Fossae and implications for aqueous alteration, J. Geophysical Research, 114, E00D08.

Milliken, R. E. and A. Rivkin (2009), Brucite and carbonate assemblages from altered olivine-rich materials on Ceres, Nature Geoscience, 2, 258-261, doi:10.1038/NGEO478.

Murchie, S. et al. (2009), Evidence for the origin of layered deposits in Candor Chasma, Mars, from mineral composition and hydrologic modeling, J. Geophysical Research, 114, E00D05.


Ehlmann, B. L. et al. (2008), Orbital identification of carbonate-bearing rocks on Mars, Science, 322, 1828-1832.

Milliken, R. E., G. Swayze, R. Arvidson, J. Bishop, R. Clark, B. Ehlmann, R. Green, J. Grotzinger, R. Morris, S. Murchie, J. Mustard, and C. Weitz (2008), Opaline silica in young deposits on Mars, Geology, 36(11), 847-850, doi: 10.1130/G24967A.1.

Weitz, C. M., R. E. Milliken, J. Grant, A. McEwen, R. Williams, and J. Bishop (2008), Light-toned strata and inverted channels adjacent to Juventae and Ganges Chasmata, Mars, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, doi:10.1029/2008GL035317.

Bishop, J. L., E. Noe Dobrea, N. McKeown, M. Parente, B. Ehlmann, J. R. Michalski, R. E. Milliken, F. Poulet, G. Swayze, J. Mustard, S. L. Murchie, and J.-P. Bibring (2008), Phyllosilicate diversity and past aqueous activity revealed at Mawrth Vallis, Mars, Science, 321, 830-833.

Mustard, J. F., S. L. Murchie, S. M. Pelkey, B. L. Ehlmann, R. E. Milliken, J. A. Grant, J.-P. Bibring, F. Poulet, J. Bishop, L. Roach, F. Seelos, D. Humm, and the CRISM Science Team (2008), Hydrated silicate minerals on Mars observed by the CRISM instrument on MRO, Nature, 454, 305-309.

Grant, J. A., R. P. Irwin, III, J. P. Grotzinger, R. E. Milliken, L. L. Tornabene, A. S. McEwen, C. M. Weitz, S. W. Squyres, T. D. Glotch, and B. J. Thomson (2008), HiRISE imaging of impact megabreccia and sub-meter aqueous strata in Holden Crater, Mars, Geology, 36(3), 195-198.

McGuire, P. C. et al. (2008), MRO/CRISM retrieval of surface Lambert albedos for multispectral mapping of Mars with DISORT-based radiative transfer modeling, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 46(12), 4020-4040.


Milliken, R. E., J. F. Mustard, F. Poulet, D. Jouglet, J.-P. Bibring, B. Gondet, Y. Langevin, and the OMEGA team (2007), Hydration state of the Martian surface as seen by Mars Express OMEGA II: H2O content of the surface, J. Geophysical Research, 112(E8), doi: 10.1029/2006JE002853.

Jouglet, D., F. Poulet, R. E. Milliken, J. F. Mustard, J.-P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, B. Gondet, and the OMEGA team (2007), Hydration state of the Martian surface as seen by Mars Express OMEGA I: Analysis of the 3 µm hydration feature, J. Geophysical Research, 112(E8), doi: 10.1029/2006JE002846.

Milliken, R. E. and J. F. Mustard (2007), Estimating the water content of hydrated minerals using reflectance spectroscopy I: Effects of darkening agents and low-albedo materials, Icarus, 189, 550-573.

Milliken, R. E. and J. F. Mustard (2007), Estimating the water content of hydrated minerals using reflectance spectroscopy II: Effects of particle size, Icarus, 189, 574-588.

Pelkey, S. M., J. F. Mustard, S. Murchie, R. T. Clancy, M. Wolff, M. Smith, R. E. Milliken, J.-P. Bibring, A. Gendrin, F. Poulet, Y. Langevin, B. Gondet (2007), CRISM multispectral summary products: Parameterizing mineral diversity on Mars from reflectance spectra, J. Geophysical Research, 112(E8), doi: 10.1029/2006JE002831.


Milliken, R. E., and J. F. Mustard (2005), Quantifying absolute water content of

minerals using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy, J. Geophysical Research, 110(E12), doi: 10.1029/2005JE002534.


Head, J. W., J. F. Mustard, M. A. Kreslavsky, R. E. Milliken, and D. R. Marchant (2003), Recent ice ages on Mars, Nature, 426, 797-802.

Milliken, R. E., J. F. Mustard, and D. L. Goldsby (2003), Viscous flow features on the surface of Mars: Observations from high-resolution Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) images, J. Geophysical Research, 108(E6), doi: 10.1029/2002JE002005.


Publications (*indicates graduate student or postdoctoral advisee)

Full CV (Download PDF):  Milliken_CV_January2014.pdfPublications_files/Milliken_CV_January2014.pdfshapeimage_4_link_0
Ph.D. Thesis (Download PDF): Milliken_PhDThesis_2006.pdf)Publications_files/Milliken_PhDThesis_2006.pdfshapeimage_5_link_0